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Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 1995 May;74(5):427-30.

Food anaphylaxis following ingestion of carmine.

Author information

  • 1Service d'Immunologie Clinique et d'Allergologie, CHRU de Nancy, Hôpitaux de Brabois, Rue du Morvan, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The risk of sensitization to reactive dyes is well established. The clinical situation is caused most often by synthetic azo dyes and triphenylmethane derivatives but natural dyes such as carmine extracted from dried female insects, Coccus cacti (cochineal), have been incriminated.

OBJECTIVE:

Study of a case of anaphylaxis after ingestion of yogurt to establish the responsibility of carmine.

METHOD:

Case report of a patient who received skin prick test and leukocyte histamine release test with carmine and yogurt.

CONCLUSIONS:

This case provided evidence of an IgE-dependent mechanism and draws attention to the triggering dose of carmine (1 mg) although the acceptable daily intake is up to 5.0 mg per kg of body weight.

PMID:
7538438
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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