Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Bacteriol. 1995 Apr;177(8):2021-32.

Sequence, regulation, and functions of fis in Salmonella typhimurium.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biological Chemistry, School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles 90024, USA.

Abstract

The fis operon from Salmonella typhimurium has been cloned and sequenced, and the properties of Fis-deficient and Fis-constitutive strains were examined. The overall fis operon organization in S. typhimurium is the same as that in Escherichia coli, with the deduced Fis amino acid sequences being identical between both species. While the open reading frames upstream of fis have diverged slightly, the promoter regions between the two species are also identical between -49 and +94. Fis protein and mRNA levels fluctuated dramatically during the course of growth in batch cultures, peaking at approximately 40,000 dimers per cell in early exponential phase, and were undetectable after growth in stationary phase. fis autoregulation was less effective in S. typhimurium than that in E. coli, which can be correlated with the absence or reduced affinity of several Fis-binding sites in the S. typhimurium fis promoter region. Phenotypes of fis mutants include loss of Hin-mediated DNA inversion, cell filamentation, reduced growth rates in rich medium, and increased lag times when the mutants are subcultured after prolonged growth in stationary phase. On the other hand, cells constitutively expressing Fis exhibited normal logarithmic growth but showed a sharp reduction in survival during stationary phase. During the course of these studies, the sigma 28-dependent promoter within the hin-invertible segment that is responsible for fljB (H2) flagellin synthesis was precisely located.

PMID:
7536730
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC176845
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk