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J Biol Chem. 1995 Mar 24;270(12):6436-9.

Involvement of N-myristoylation in monoclonal antibody recognition sites on chimeric G protein alpha subunits.

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  • 1Pulmonary Critical Care Medicine Branch, NHLBI, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.


Monoclonal antibody, LAS-2, directed against the alpha subunit of transducin (Gt alpha), inhibited Gt beta gamma-dependent, pertussis toxin-catalyzed ADP ribosylation of Gt alpha and was specific for Gt alpha. Immunoblotting studies on proteolytic fragments of Gt alpha were consistent with an amino-terminal epitope. To define the antibody recognition site, recombinant Gt alpha was synthesized in Escherichia coli cotransfected with or without yeast N-myristoyl-transferase. Amino-terminal fatty acylation of Gt alpha, verified by use of radiolabeled fatty acid, was required for immunoreactivity. LAS-2 did not react with a chimeric protein consisting of residues 1-9 of Gt alpha and the remainder Go alpha, regardless of its myristoylation. Immunoreactivity was observed when amino acids 1-17 of Gt alpha were present in a Go alpha chimera and the protein was amino-terminally myristoylated; there was no reactivity without myristoylation. It appears that the LAS-2 epitope requires both Gt alpha-specific sequence in amino acids 10-17 and a fatty acyl group in proximity to these residues. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that the myristoyl group is essential for protein structure; conceivably it "folds back" on and stabilizes the amino-terminal structure of Gt alpha as opposed to protruding from an amino-terminal alpha-helix and serving as an amino-terminal membrane anchor.

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