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Bone. 1994 Nov-Dec;15(6):639-46.

Recognition of cryptic sites in human and mouse laminins by rat osteoclasts is mediated by beta 3 and beta 1 integrins.

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  • 1I.C.R.F. Haemopoiesis Group, St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London, UK.


Laminins may be encountered by osteoclasts and their precursors in basement membranes when they migrate from periosteal vasculature during skeletal development and in pathological situations. We have examined the recognition by osteoclasts of intact laminins and their proteolytic derivatives, and analysed the mechanism of adhesion. Rat osteoclasts fail to bind intact mouse Engelbreth-Holm-Swarm (EHS) laminin (3% adhesion relative to adhesion to foetal calf serum proteins) and bind only weakly to native human placental laminin (13%) or human merosin (9%). Pepsin treatment of native mouse EHS and human laminins increased osteoclast adhesion. Rat osteoclasts adhered to mouse EHS laminin-derived P1 fragment (70%), but failed to bind the E8 fragment, which contains adhesion sites recognised by some integrins. Binding to human and mouse P1 laminins was abolished by treatment with RGD-containing peptides and required divalent cations, but not by YIGSR peptide. Combinations of monoclonal antibodies to rat beta 3 and alpha v integrins reduced binding to P1 fragment by 91% and to human laminin by 72%, demonstrating that the major integrin involved in rat osteoclast adhesion to proteolysed laminin is alpha v beta 3. Antiserum to beta 1 integrin inhibited adhesion to human laminin by 40%, but to P1 fragment by only 8%; this suggests that beta 1 integrins(s) contribute to osteoclast adhesion to human laminin but probably not to P1 fragment. The involvement of alpha v beta 3 integrin was confirmed using a recombinant human alpha v beta 3 solid phase binding assay, alpha v beta 3 bound to mouse P1 fragment and proteolytically digested human laminin, but not intact laminins.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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