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Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 1995 Jan;106(1):69-77.

Expression of E-selectin, ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 on bronchial biopsies from allergic and non-allergic asthmatic patients.

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  • 1INSERM U416, Institut Pasteur, Lille, France.


The bronchial mucosa of asthmatic patients is characterized by a large influx of eosinophils, monocytes and lymphocytes. Leucocyte migration and accumulation is thought to involve adhesion molecules, as shown in an animal of allergic asthma and in humans with other allergic diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of E-selectin, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cellular adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) on endothelium and epithelium in bronchial biopsies obtained from patients with allergic (n = 17) and non-allergic asthma (n = 18). Bronchial biopsies were taken in asthmatic patients and control subjects (n = 10) by fiberoptic bronchoscopy and embedded in paraffin. The cellular infiltrate was evaluated by May-Gr├╝nwald-Giemsa staining. Adhesion molecule expression was analyzed by immunohistochemistry using mouse monoclonal antibodies; the results were expressed as the percentage of positive cells. For each patient, we evaluated the severity of asthma as defined by the AAS score and the treatment. In controls, low expression of ICAM-1 was observed on the epithelium and endothelium (9.6 +/- 2.7 and 11.2 +/- 4.1%, respectively), while E-selectin and VCAM-1 were not expressed. In patients with allergic asthma, a significant increase of ICAM-1 expression was observed on epithelium and endothelium (28 +/- 5.3 and 35.6 +/- 5%, respectively), whereas E-selectin (17.4 +/- 4.8%) and VCAM-1 (12.8 +/- 3.6%) were overexpressed only on endothelium. In allergic asthmatic patients, adhesion molecule expression on endothelium was correlated with eosinophil and total leucocyte infiltrate (p < 0.05). In contrast, adhesion molecule expression in biopsies from patients with non-allergic asthma (14.1 +/- 5.2 and 15.3 +/- 3.6% for ICAM-1 expression on epithelium and endothelium, respectively) was not significantly different from the control subjects.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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