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Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 1994 Sep;11(1):1-6.

Analysis of androgen receptor DNA reveals the independent clonal origins of uterine leiomyomata and the secondary nature of cytogenetic aberrations in the development of leiomyomata.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115.

Abstract

Uterine leiomyomata are thought to be monoclonal neoplasms. Accordingly, investigations of clonality with G6PD isoforms used as a marker for X chromosome inactivation have suggested independent origins for multiple tumors within individual uteri. However, results from a recent study assessing methylation differences between DNA of active and inactive X chromosomes have been interpreted to suggest that multiple tumors may arise from a common precursor. We have examined the clonality of 36 leiomyomata from 16 patients by analyzing X chromosome inactivation as indicated by the methylation status of the X-linked androgen receptor gene. As shown by this assay, all informative leiomyomata were monoclonal in origin. In patients with multiple leiomyomata, a random distribution of inactivation between the X homologs was noted, consistent with an independent origin of each tumor. Cytogenetic analysis was also performed on short-term cell cultures of 27 of the 36 tumors. In each of two tumors that had both cells with a clonal karyotypic abnormality and karyotypically normal cells, DNA prepared from short-term cultures showed a monoclonal pattern of X inactivation identical to that of the leiomyoma from which they were derived. These data suggest that karyotypically normal cells present in short-term cultures of uterine leiomyomata are part of the tumor clone, and that clonal expansion of tumor cells precedes the development of cytogenetic aberrations.

PMID:
7529041
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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