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Physiol Behav. 1994 Oct;56(4):811-3.

Naloxone reduces the feeding evoked by intracerebroventricular galanin injection.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville 32610.


Central injection of galanin elicits feeding in satiated rats. We recently observed galanin-immunoreactive fibers in synaptic connection with a population of beta-endorphin-immunopositive cell bodies and dendrites in the basal hypothalamus. Because beta-endorphin also stimulates food intake, these morphological findings raised the possibility that stimulation of feeding by galanin may, in part, be mediated by beta-endorphin release. First, we observed that ICV injection of galanin (1.5-6.0 nmol) stimulated feeding in a dose-related fashion. Next, the effect on food intake of the opioid receptor antagonist naloxone (20-200 micrograms, ICV) administered immediately preceding galanin (3 nmol, ICV) was evaluated. Galanin-induced feeding was suppressed by naloxone in a dose-dependent manner with a maximal suppression of 76% at the highest naloxone dose. These findings support the existence of a functional link between galanin and beta-endorphin and are in accord with the view that stimulation of food intake by galanin may, in part, be mediated by increased beta-endorphin release.

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