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Peptides. 1994;15(6):1045-51.

CCK antagonists reveal that CCK-8 and JMV-180 interact with different sites on the rat pancreatic acinar cell CCKA receptor.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109.


The ability of CCKA antagonists to inhibit full and partial CCK agonists of the rat pancreatic acinar cell CCKA receptor has been studied. When isolated rat pancreatic acini were superfused with CCK-8 (10 pM-1 nM) or CCK-4 (1 microM), an increase in [Ca2+]i signal was initiated. Concurrent superfusion of either L-364,718 (0.1 microM) or lorglumide (10 microM), chemically distinct, specific, potent antagonists of the CCKA receptor, resulted in a rapid inhibition of the [Ca2+]i signal initiated by all concentrations of CCK-8. In contrast, Ca2+ oscillations, initiated by JMV-180 (25 nM-1 microM), a partial agonist analogue of CCK-8, were essentially unaffected by concurrent superfusion of either L-364,718 or lorglumide. When JMV-179, an analogue of JMV-180 that exhibits characteristics of a pure antagonist, was superfused concurrently with either CCK-8 or JMV-180, Ca2+ oscillations were inhibited, even in the presence of 0.1 microM L-364,718. In a similar fashion, amylase secretion stimulated by CCK-8 was markedly attenuated by L-364,718, lorglumide, and JMV-179, whereas secretion stimulated by JMV-180 was only inhibited by JMV-179. A model is proposed to reconcile this data, based on the assumption that JMV-180 and CCK-8 interact with discrete sites on the CCKA receptor, which are differentially affected by the binding of antagonists. This model may also explain how a single receptor may transduce multiple signals in response to different agonists.

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