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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1994 Sep 21;1208(1):104-10.

Identification of a PAI-1 binding site in vitronectin.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Chemistry, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.


Active PAI-1 (plasminogen activator inhibitor 1) is bound to vitronectin in plasma and in the extracellular matrix. In this study we aimed at identifying the PAI-1 binding site in vitronectin, which at present is a matter of dispute. Vitronectin was cleaved with trypsin and the fragments were tested for inhibitory effect on the PAI-1/vitronectin interaction using vitronectin-coated microtiter plates. Intact vitronectin and the tryptic digest of vitronectin both caused a 50% reduction in PAI-1 binding at a concentration of about 2 nmol/I. Gel-filtration on Sephadex G-50 superfine of the tryptic peptides resulted in one main peak of inhibitory activity. The elution volume, Kav, was 0.55 indicating (a) medium-size peptide(s). The peptide was further purified by reverse-phase HPLC. Structural analysis revealed that it constituted the 45 NH2-terminal amino-acid residues in vitronectin. The NH2-terminal vitronectin peptide caused a 50% decrease in PAI-1 binding to the vitronectin-coated microtiter plates at a concentration of about 13 nmol/l. Thus, the peptide is a little less effective in this respect than intact vitronectin. Reduced and S-carboxymethylated peptide had no effect on the interaction. The NH2-terminal vitronectin fragment increased the stability of active PAI-1 by about 60%, which is a little less than with intact vitronectin. The peptide also prevented PAI-1 from oxidation with chloramine T. The half-life was prolonged about 4-fold as compared to about 30-fold with intact vitronectin.

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