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Nihon Rinsho. 1994 Jul;52(7):1817-22.

[Effectiveness of interferon, glycyrrhizin combination therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis C].

[Article in Japanese]

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  • 1Second Department of Internal Medicine, Fukui Medical School.

Abstract

SNMC (stronger Neominophagen C), whose active component is glycyrrhizin (a saponin extracted from licorice) has been utilized to improve the liver function in Japan. To assess the effectiveness of interferon (IFN), SNMC combination therapy in patients, who did not respond to IFN therapy alone, we investigate 28 patients with histology of CAH 2B at 12 weeks after IFN administration. 15 patients received IFN alone continuously (group A), and 13 patients received IFN with SNMC (group B) for 12 weeks thereafter. Normalization of serum ALT level was observed in 33.3% of group A and in 64.3% of group B. Disappearance of serum HVC RNA was 13.3% in group A and 38.5% in group B. But these data were not significant statistically. Histological improvement was not significant, between group A and B by Knodel's HAI score, but reversal of histological grade (Europe classification) was noted more frequently in group B. A case of posttransfusion hepatitis type C, exacerbated by IFN therapy is reported. HLA class I antigen was strongly expressed in the liver tissue after administration of IFN. In this case, potentiation of cellular immunity was thought to be the cause of the exacerbation and IFN, SNMC combination therapy was useful in improving liver function.

PMID:
7521424
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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