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Jpn J Cancer Res. 1994 Jul;85(7):723-34.

Inhibitory effect of recombinant fibronectin polypeptides on the adhesion of liver-metastatic lymphoma cells to hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells and tumor invasion.

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  • 1Institute of Immunological Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo.


We have investigated the inhibitory mechanism of the initial arrest of L5178Y-ML25 lymphoma cells in a target organ (liver) by using recombinant fibronectin fragments with cell- and/or heparin-binding domains (C-274, H-271 or the fusion fragment CH-271). Pretreatment of hepatic sinusoidal endothelial (HSE) cell monolayers with lymphoma cells or their conditioned medium for 4 to 6 h resulted in the enhancement of lymphoma cell adhesion to HSE cell monolayer. The increased tumor adhesiveness was completely abolished by preincubation of the conditioned medium with anti interleukin-1 beta monoclonal antibody (mAb). Synthetic sialyl Le(x) (SLe(x)) as a ligand for endothelial cell leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ELAM-1) adhesion receptor and anti ELAM-1 mAb blocked the conditioned medium-induced enhancement of tumor-endothelial cell interaction, while pretreatment of the activated HSE cell monolayer with anti vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) mAb did not affect the enhanced tumor cell adhesion. These results indicate that tumor cell interaction with the stimulated HSE cells is mediated by ELAM-1 molecules on HSE cells. However, the expression of SLe(x) and SLe(a) on the tumor surface was not observed by flow cytometric analysis. ELAM-1-mediated enhancement of tumor cell adhesion to HSE monolayer was also inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner by CH-271 fusion polypeptide or the sulfated chitin derivative sulfated carboxymethyl-chitin, which can bind to the heparin-binding domain of CH-271. In addition, CH-271 inhibited not only tumor-endothelium interaction but also tumor cell invasion into reconstituted basement membrane Matrigel in vitro.

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