Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1994 Apr 12;91(8):3299-303.

The Arabidopsis thaliana apurinic endonuclease Arp reduces human transcription factors Fos and Jun.

Author information

  • 1Laboratorium voor Genetica, Universiteit Gent, Belgium.

Abstract

An Arabidopsis thaliana cDNA encoding an analogue, referred to as Arp for apurinic endonuclease-redox protein, of the human redox factor REF has been cloned. Arp stimulates in vitro DNA-binding activity of the human transcription factor Jun and Fos by the reduction of a cysteine residue located in the DNA-binding domain. Based on amino acid sequence homology, this redox activity is probably confined to the small internal domain of the Arp protein. In analogy to REF, we show that the Arabidopsis Arp protein also functions as an apurinic/apyrimidinic class II endonuclease. This base-free endonuclease activity resides in the carboxyl-terminal domain, and this part of the protein has significant sequence similarity to bacterial (Escherichia coli exonuclease III and Streptococcus pneumoniae exonuclease A) and animal (Drosophila Rrp1 and human REF/HAP) apurinic/apyrimidinic endonucleases. The amino-terminal domain of the Arp protein is highly charged and apparently increases the affinity of the protein for DNA. Therefore, the Arabidopsis Arp protein is multifunctional and may be involved both in DNA repair and in the regulation of transcription.

PMID:
7512729
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC43564
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk