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Isr J Med Sci. 1994 Jan;30(1):42-7.

Overnight secretion pattern of growth hormone, sex hormone binding globulin, insulin-like growth factor-1 and its binding protein in obese and non-obese women with polycystic ovarian disease.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kaplan Hospital, Rehovot, Israel.


The pathophysiological mechanism underlying polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD) is different in obese and lean women. In obese patients the basic disorder is insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia. In non-obese women the dominant derangement is a relative excess of luteinizing hormone (LH) and growth hormone (GH) production. The levels of GH, LH, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) were significantly lower and insulin levels considerably higher in obese PCOD women as compared to their non-obese counterparts. There was, however, no difference in the mean IGF-1 levels found in these two groups. The present study was designed to investigate whether, in addition to the mean levels, the overnight pattern of GH, IGF-1, IGFBP-1 and SHBG differed in obese women with polycystic ovaries as compared to that observed in the non-obese PCOD patients. Eight women with PCOD diagnosed by clinical, sonographic and hormonal means were studied. Four had basal body mass index exceeding 27. Blood samples were collected every 20 min over a period of 8 h, starting at 23:00 h. Twenty-four samples were collected from each patient and examined in one batch for GH, IGF-1, IGFBP-1, SHBG and insulin. The secretion patterns of the above substances during the late night (23:00-03:00 h) and early morning (03:00-07:00 h) hours were examined and compared in obese and non-obese PCOD women. Neither GH nor IGF-1 showed a distinct overnight secretion pattern. The overnight secretion patterns of IGFBP-1 and SHBG were similar in obese and non-obese women--the former showing a constant rising during the night and the latter exhibiting a converse trend. The integrated insulin levels were much higher during the late night as compared to early morning hours in all patients. It is proposed that the specific secretion pattern of IGFBP-1 is not directly dependent on body fat mass but is regulated by insulin in both obese and non-obese patients.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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