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J Biol Chem. 1994 Mar 25;269(12):8667-74.

Pyridine nucleotide redox potential modulates cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator Cl- conductance.

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  • 1Lineberger Cancer Center, Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599-7020.


Cl- conductance of the apical membrane of airway epithelial cells has properties of a passive diffusion mechanism but is decreased by inhibition of oxidative metabolism. Recent reports that cAMP-dependent Cl- conductance also requires ATP at the intracellular domains of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) suggests that ATP concentration could mediate metabolic regulation of Cl- conductance. However, metabolic inhibitors affect processes other than ATP free energy levels, including notably the metabolic pathways that set the redox potential of pyridine nucleotides within the cell. We have investigated the possibility that CFTR-mediated Cl- conductance is affected by the ratio of oxidized to reduced intracellular pyridine nucleotides. CFTR was expressed in airway and heterologous cells and studied under whole cell voltage clamp conditions, which permitted the intracellular NAD(P)+/NAD(P)H ratio to be varied independently of ATP concentration. In three cell types expressing CFTR, whole cell dialysis with reduced pyridine nucleotides inhibited activation of Cl- currents by forskolin and 8-(4-chlorophenylthio)-cAMP (CPT-cAMP), whereas dialysis with oxidized pyridines increased both basal and stimulated CFTR-mediated Cl- conductance. In cell-attached membrane patches, the open probability of 5-6-picosiemens Cl- channels that had been activated by forskolin and CPT-cAMP was further and reversibly increased by permeant oxidants. Neither swelling-induced whole cell K+ currents in CFTR-expressing cells nor swelling-induced whole cell Cl- currents in multidrug resistance protein-expressing cells were affected by NADPH. Pyridine nucleotide redox potential had little effect on phosphorylation of histone by protein kinase A. We conclude that CFTR Cl- conductance function can be modulated by pyridine nucleotide redox potential. This effect points to the existence of a mechanism or mechanisms by which cytosolic nucleotides other than ATP can affect plasma membrane Cl- conductance and may help explain how a passive ion conductance is linked to cellular energy metabolism.

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