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Int J Addict. 1993 Nov;28(13):1393-433.

Behavioral development in children prenatally exposed to drugs and alcohol.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia.


Empirical research on the behavioral consequences to the offspring of use of recreational and addictive drugs and alcohol by pregnant women is reviewed. The current epidemic of cocaine use has raised the specter of a host of "cocaine babies" whose prenatally induced impairments will interfere with social and academic functioning and constitute an immense social burden. In fact, examination of effects of drug exposure on infant behavior and subsequent development suggests a much more subtle and complicated process which must take into account not only the child's prenatal exposure but the various other environmental factors which contribute to eventual outcome. These other factors include caregiving competence and social environment.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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