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Radiother Oncol. 1995 Aug;36(2):83-93.

Interstitial brachytherapy for penile carcinoma: a multicentric survey (259 patients).

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  • 1Radioth√©rapie, Centre Jean Perrin, Clermont-Ferrand, France.


Although cancer of the penis is a rare disease, we have collected 506 cases through a multicentric study. In the present study we analyse the results obtained from 259 patients treated by interstitial brachytherapy from 1959 to 1989. Among the 259 patients, 184 males had exclusive brachytherapy (group A) while 75 received a combination of surgery and brachytherapy and/or external beam irradiation (EBI) (group B). Five- and 10-year survival rates are, respectively: overall survival, 66 and 52%; cause-specific survival, 88 and 88%; disease-free survival, 78 and 67%. One hundred and forty-three patients in group A (78%) and 48 (64%) in group B avoided mutilation of the penis while late side effects occurred in 137/259 patients (53%). Survival depends on the volume of the tumor and the presence of involved nodes; systematic groin dissection does not however seem advisable.

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