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Dysphagia. 1995 Fall;10(4):268-74.

Classification of eating impairments based on eating efficiency in children with cerebral palsy.

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  • 1School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University, Montreal, Qu├ębec, Canada.


Eating impairments in children with cerebral palsy (CP) may vary widely from mild to severe. Accurate diagnosis of the severity of eating has been hampered by the lack of a classification system which would permit stratification of this wide range of problems into mild, moderate, and severe. We propose such a classification system based on measures of (1) growth: weight, height, and skinfold thickness and (2) eating skills: eating efficiency and oral-motor skills. One hundred children, 54 boys and 46 girls from 2 to 16 years, who had various degrees of CP and eating impairments, were studied. Classification, treatment effectiveness, as well as the implications for growth monitoring, based on this classification system are discussed. system are discussed.

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