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Prostaglandins. 1995 Jun;49(6):371-82.

Regulation of two isozymes of prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase and thromboxane synthase in human monoblastoid cell line U937.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, National Cardiovascular Center Research Institute, Osaka, Japan.


The mechanism responsible for the rapid increase of thromboxane A2 synthesis by cells of the human monoblastoid cell line U937, which were differentiated with 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate, induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was studied. Both RNA blot and immunoblot analyses showed that LPS increased the levels of prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase-1 (PES-1) and -2 (PES-2) in a time-dependent manner, and the modes of induction of the two isozymes differed. The maximum PES-1 mRNA level was 1.6 times higher 36 h after than before stimulation by LPS, and that of PES-2 mRNA was elevated about 20-fold at its peak at 12 h after stimulation. Consequently, the immunoreactive PES-1 and PES-2 protein levels also increased time-dependently after LPS stimulation. However, the effects of LPS on the thromboxane synthase mRNA and protein levels were much less marked. These results indicate that LPS-induced thromboxane synthesis by the differentiated cells was regulated at the levels of the two PES isozymes, predominantly at the PES-2 level.

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