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J Reprod Fertil. 1980 Sep;60(1):247-52.

Cryoprotective effects of some amides on rabbit spermatozoa.


Semen was diluted 1:9 with egg yolk-citrate medium containing 0.31--3.1 M (final concentration) formamide, butyramide, acetamide, propionamide, dimethylformamide, lactamide, malomide, ethylene glycol, trimethylene glycol, dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO) or glycerol. After 30 min incubation at 20 degrees C, sperm motility was superior in hypertonic solutions of acetamide, lactamide, dimethylsulphoxide, trimethylene glycol and ethylene glycol. Some of these compounds were added to semen diluted 1:2 in an isotonic egg-yolk-glucose-lactose-raffinose solution and frozen by the pellet method. Relatively good survival of motility was obtained in 1.0 M-DMSO, -lactamide or -acetamide. Dimethylformamide (0.5 M), ethylene glycol (0.5--1.5 M), trimethylene glycol (1.5 M) and propionamide (0.75 M) also gave some protection. Insemination of does with semen frozen and thawed with 1.0 M-DMSO, -lactamide or acetamide gave fertilization rates of 68--88%, and 84% (38/45) of does gave birth to an average of 5.3 young.

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