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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1981 Sep 18;677(1):126-32.

Metabolism of 2-oxoacid analogues of leucine, valine and phenylalanine by heart muscle, brain and kidney of the rat.


[1-14C]-Labelled 2-oxoacid analogues of leucine, valine and phenylalanine were used to study the metabolism of these 2-oxoacids in the brain, kidney and heart muscle of rats. By following the 14CO2 release during 30-60 min of incubation at 37 degrees C the decarboxylation rate was determined and measurement of the 14C-incorporation into the corresponding amino acid yielded the transamination rate. From these rates, decarboxylation/transamination ratios could be calculated which are indicative for the metabolic fate of the 2-oxoacid in the various organs. The results obtained show that all three tissues are capable of utilizing the 2-oxoacid analogues of leucine, valine and phenylalanine, however, to a different extent: kidney greater than heart muscle greater than brain. The decarboxylation/transamination ratios reveal that the branched-chain 2-oxoacids are predominantly decarboxylated in kidney and heart muscle while in brain they are mainly transaminated. The ratios calculated for phenylpyruvate in all tissues are within 0.19 and 0.36, indicating that this 2-oxoacid is preferentially transaminated. The results are discussed with respect to possible dietary alterations of enzymes involved in 2-oxoacid metabolism in order to improve transamination of these compounds.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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