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Biochemistry. 1978 Dec 26;17(26):5651-6.

Human alpha-1-antichymotrypsin: interaction with chymotrypsin-like proteinases.


The interaction of human plasma alpha-1-antichymotrypsin with serine proteinases from different tissues has been investigated. The protein was found to form stable complexes with pancreatic chymotrypsin, leukocyte cathepsin G, and mast cell chymotrypsin. No inhibition of pancreatic trypsin or leukocyte elastase could be demonstrated. With mixtures containing both alpha-1-antichymotrypsin and alpha-1-proteinase inhibitor, it was found that the former preferentially inactivated leukocyte cathepsin G, while the latter showed a strong preference for pancreatic chymotrypsin. However, leukocyte elastase was specifically inactivated by alpha-1-proteinase inhibitor even in 1:1 mixtures with chymotrypsin. All of these results taken together suggest that one of the primary functions of alpha-1-antichymotrypsin is to inactivate leukocyte cathepsin G, while alpha-1-proteinase inhibitor controls the activity of other serine proteinases, particularly leukocyte elastase.

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