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Hokkaido Igaku Zasshi. 1981 Jan;56(1):43-54.

[Purification and characterization of Linoleoyl-CoA desaturase from rat liver microsomes (author's transl)].

[Article in Japanese]


Rat liver microsomes catalyzed the oxidative delta 6-desaturation of linoleoyl-CoA (C18: 2, delta 9.12.) to gamma-linolenoyl-CoA (c18: 3, delta 6.9.12.) by using molecular oxygen and NADH or NADPH as the electron donors. The antibodies against cytochrome b5 inhibited markedly the delta 6-desaturation in the intact microsomes of the rat liver, suggesting that cytochrome b5 participated in the delta 6-desaturation. These experimental results led us to the hypothesis that the delta 6-desaturation of linoleoyl-CoA followed the scheme. (See formula in text). Terminal "delta 6-desaturase" was purified from rat liver microsomes for the first time by Triton X-100 solubilization, DEAE-cellulose, CM-Sephadex and cytochrome b5-Sepharose chromatography using its high affinity for cytochrome b5. The final enzyme preparation was homogeneous when applied to sodium dodecyl sulfate disc gel electrophoresis. delta 6-desaturase appeared as a single polypeptide of 66,000 daltons containing 49% nonpolar amino acid residues and one atom of non-heme iron. We confirmed that delta 6-desaturase differed from delta 9-desaturase, which converted stearoyl-CoA to oleoyl-CoA. The delta 6-desaturase activity required NADH (or NADPH), linoleoyl-CoA, oxygen, lipid or detergent and three enzymes, such as NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase (or NADPH-cytochrome P -450 reductase), cytochrome b5, and delta 6-desaturase. The reconstituted system of these components also confirmed the electron flow represented in Scheme 1. The delta 6-desaturase activity was inhibited by iron chelators, cyanine and p-chloromercuriphenyl sulfonate. In the reconstituted system of Km value for linoleoyl-CoA was 47 micro M, the maximal velocity was 83nmol/min/mg protein of delta 6-desaturase and the optimal pH was 7.0. Catalase, superoxide dismutase and t-butanol showed supportive effects on the delta 6-desaturation of the reconstituted system when purified enzymes were employed.

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