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J Supramol Struct. 1980;13(4):447-56.

Production of insulinomimetic antibodies against rat adipocyte membranes by hybridoma cells.

Abstract

SJL mice were injected intraperitoneally with adipocyte plasma membranes or with intrinsic membrane proteins obtained by extraction of plasma membranes with dimethylmaleic anhydride. Three days after the boost injection, the spleens were removed and fused with NS-a, a thioguanine-resistant myeloma cell line derived from P3X63 Ag8 (Balb/c). Following selection for hybrids with hypoxanthine, aminopterin, and thymidine, medium of the hybrid cells was tested for its ability to bind to the plasma membrane of the adipocyte and to stimulate the oxidation of D-(1-14C) glucose to 14CO2. Approximately 40% of the wells containing hybridomas derived from splenocytes of SJL mice immunized with plasma membranes produced immunoglobulin that bound to adipocyte plasma membranes. About 30% of these mimicked the ability of insulin to stimulate the oxidation of D-(1-14C) glucose to 14CO2 in adipocytes. Media from 51% of the wells containing hybridomas derived from splenocytes of SJL mice immunized with intrinsic membrane proteins produced immunoglobulin that bound to the plasma membrane and 48% of those stimulated glucose oxidation. The bioactivity of the hybrid cell media could be blocked by adsorption with intrinsic membrane proteins or by the removal of immunoglobulins using formalin-fixed Staphylococcus aureus. The hybrids generated in this study can be divided into three categories: 1) hybrids that secrete antibodies that can bind to plasma membranes and mimic insulin action of glucose transport; 2) hybrids that secrete antibodies that bind to plasma membranes but do not stimulate the oxidation of D-(1-14C) glucose to 14CO2; and 3) hybrids that produce no antimembrane antibodies. The data suggest that interaction of immunoglobulins with specific membrane proteins is essential in mimicking the action of insulin on glucose transport and oxidation in the rat adipocyte.

PMID:
7230801
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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