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Anesth Analg. 1982 Aug;61(8):662-5.

Acid-base status of diabetic mothers and their infants following spinal anesthesia for cesarean section.


Acid-base status and Apgar scores were evaluated in 10 rigidly controlled insulin-dependent diabetic mothers and 10 healthy nondiabetic control women having spinal anesthesia for cesarean section. Dextrose-free intravenous solutions were used for volume expansion before induction of anesthesia, and hypotension was prevented in all cases by prompt treatment with ephedrine. There were no significant differences in the acid-base values between the diabetic and nondiabetic mothers and the infants of the diabetic and control group. Apgar scores were also similar in the two groups. If maternal diabetes is well controlled, if dextrose-containing solutions are not used for maternal intravascular volume expansion before delivery, and if maternal hypotension is avoided, spinal anesthesia can be used safely for diabetic mothers having cesarean section.

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