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Exp Brain Res. 1982;47(1):137-44.

Relationship of cat vestibular neurons to otolith-spinal reflexes.


The dynamics of neurons in the vestibular nuclei of canal-plugged, decerebrate cats were studied in response to lateral (roll) tilt. Forelimb and neck extensor reflexes recorded simultaneously develop a progressive phase lag above 0.1 Hz. Neurons which exhibited a muscle-like phase lag were excited during low frequency stimuli by ipsilateral side-up tilt (beta response). Neurons with alpha responses, excited during side-down tilt, exhibited a constant phase, without a high frequency lag. Vestibulospinal neurons were present in both of these response groups, as were units driven at monosynaptic latencies by electrical stimulation of the ipsilateral labyrinth. The phase-lagging beta responses are appropriate for contributing to the reflexes observed in the ipsilateral neck and contralateral forelimb.

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