Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Physiol. 1982 May;326:91-108.

Sustained synaptic input to ganglion cells of mudpuppy retina.

Abstract

1. Intracellular responses were recorded from on-centre and off-centre ganglion cells in isolated eyecups of the mudpuppy, Necturus maculosus.2. Current-voltage relations were measured in darkness, during illumination of the receptive field centre, and after chemically mediated synaptic inputs were blocked by 4 mM-cobalt chloride.3. In on-centre cells the membrane potential in darkness was -56+/-6 mV (mean+/-S.D.). Addition of Co(2+) resulted in an average depolarization of 10 mV and an average decrease in conductance of 2.1 nS. These results suggest that in darkness on-centre cells are tonically inhibited by synaptic input which increases conductance and has a reversal potential more negative than the dark membrane potential. In off-centre cells the membrane potential in darkness was -46+/-5 mV. Addition of Co(2+) caused an average hyperpolarization of 6 mV and an average decrease in conductance of 1.5 nS. These results suggest that in darkness off-centre cells receive a tonic excitatory input which increases conductance and has a reversal potential more positive than the dark membrane potential.4. In on-centre cells light causes a sustained depolarization. This response involves an increase in a tonic excitatory input which increases conductance and has a reversal potential more positive than the dark membrane potential.5. In off-centre cells, light causes a sustained hyperpolarization. This response involves an increase in a sustained inhibitory input which increases conductance and has a reversal potential more negative than the dark membrane potential.6. The depolarizing off-response of off-centre cells is associated with an increase in an excitatory input which increases conductance and has a reversal potential more positive than the dark membrane potential. This response may be due to a temporary increase in the excitatory input which is tonically active in darkness or may reflect an additional excitatory input.7. It is suggested that in both on- and off-centre ganglion cells the balance of sustained excitatory and inhibitory synaptic inputs determines the resting potential in darkness. Centre illumination alters the balance of these inputs, by increasing one and decreasing the other, to produce the characteristic sustained light responses.8. The possible presynaptic sources of the sustained excitatory and inhibitory inputs are discussed.

PMID:
7108811
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1251461
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk