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Biochem J. 1982 Mar 1;201(3):673-6.

Evidence for a single enzyme in rat liver catalysing the deiodination of the tyrosyl and the phenolic ring of iodothyronines.


The enzymic 5'-deiodination of 3',5'-di-iodothyronine and 5-deiodination of 3,3',5-tri-iodothyronine by rat liver microsomal fractions were found to be characterized by apparent Km values of 0.77 and 17.4 microM respectively, 3',5'-Di-iodothyronine was a competitive inhibitor of 3,3',5-tri-iodothyronine 5-deiodination (Ki 0.65 microM) and 3,3',5-tri-iodothyronine was a competitive inhibitor of 3',5'-di-iodothyronine 5'-deiodination (Ki 19.6 microM). In addition, several radiographic contrast agents and iodothyronine analogues inhibited both reactions competitively and with equal potencies (r = 0.999). These results strongly suggest the existence of a single hepatic deiodinase acting on both the tyrosyl and phenolic ring of iodothyronines.

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