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Appl Environ Microbiol. 1982 Mar;43(3):561-5.

Response of Campylobacter jejuni to sodium chloride.


Studies were done to provide more comprehensive information on the response of Campylobacter jejuni and nalidixic acid-resistant, thermophilic Campylobacter (NARTC) to sodium chloride at 4, 25, and 42 degrees C. Three strains of C. jejuni were studies, and all could grow at 42 degrees C in the presence of 1.5% NaCl, but not 2.0% NaCl. At the same temperature, NARTC could grow in 2.0% NaCl and was substantially more tolerant to 2.5 and 4.5% NaCl than was C. jejuni. Both C. jejuni and NARTC grew poorly in the absence of added NaCl and grew best in the presence of 0.5% NaCl at 42 degrees C. At 25 degrees C, NaCl concentrations of 1.0 to 2.5% were protective to NARTC, but the same concentrations of salt generally enhanced the rate of death of C. jejuni. At 4 degrees C, both C. jejuni and NARTC were sensitive to 1.0% or more NaCl; however, the rate of death at this temperature was substantially less than that which occurred at 25 degrees C. A 3 log10 decrease of cells occurred in 4.5% NaCl after 1.2 to 2.1 days at 25 degrees C, and a similar reduction in cells took approximately 2 weeks at the same salt concentration and 4 degrees C. Although C. jejuni grows best in the presence of 0.5% NaCl, the presence of NaCl at concentrations as low as 1.0% may retard growth or increase rate of death; hence, it is advisable that growth media used for recovering or enumerating this organism contain 0.5% NaCl, but not 1.0% or more NaCl.

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