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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1980 Jun;77(6):3600-4.

Genetics of cell surface receptors for bioactive polypeptides: binding of epidermal growth factor is associated with the presence of human chromosome 7 in human-mouse cell hybrids.


Mouse A9 cells, L-cell-derived mutants deficient in hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT; IMP:pyrophosphate phosphoribosyltransferase, EC were found to be incapable of binding (125)I-labeled epidermal growth factor (EGF) to the cell surface. The A9 cells were fused with human diploid fibroblasts (WI-38) possessing EGF-binding ability, and human-mouse cell hybrids (TA series) were isolated after hypoxanthine/aminopterin/thymidine/ouabain selection. Analyses of isozyme markers and chromosomes of four representative clones of TA hybrids indicated that the expression of EGF-binding ability is correlated with the presence of human chromosome 7 or 19. Four subclones were isolated from an EGF-binding-positive line, TA-4, and segregation of EGF-binding was found to be concordant with the expression of human mitochondrial malate dehydrogenase (MDHM; L-malate:NAD(+) oxidoreductase, EC, a marker for chromosome 7, but not with glucosephosphate isomerase (GPI; D-glucose-6-phosphate ketol-isomerase, EC, a marker for chromosome 19. Furthermore, evidence from 27 clones of AUG hybrids that were produced between A9 and another human fibroblast line, GM1696, carrying an X/7 chromosome translocation indicated that EGF-binding ability segregates together with human MDHM and two X-linked markers, HPRT and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD; D-glucose-6-phosphate:NADP(+) 1-oxidoreductase, EC, that are located on the translocation chromosome 7p(+). These results permit assignment of the gene, designated EGFS, which is associated with the expression of EGF-binding ability, to human chromosome 7 and its localization to the p22-qter region. Because the EGF receptor is reported to be a glycoprotein the EGFS could be either a structural gene(s) for receptor protein or a gene(s) for modifying the receptor protein through glycosylation.

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