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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1980 Feb;77(2):1149-53.

Cellular and subcellular localization of 1,25-(OH)2-vitamin D3 in rat kidney: comparison with localization of parathyroid hormone and estradiol.


Results of thaw-mount autoradiographic studies of kidney obtained 1--3 hr after a single injection of 1,25-(OH)2-[3H]vitamin D3 to rats showed strong nuclear concentration of radioactivity in podocytes and cells of distal tubules, including the pars convoluta, macula densa, and pars recta. Intermediate nuclear concentration was found in cells of the thin limb of Henle's loops, whereas weak or no nuclear uptake was seen in cells of the proximal tubules. In contrast, after injection of 3H-labeled parathyroid hormone or [3H]estradiol, mainly cells of the proximal tubules were labeled; after 3H-labeled parathyroid hormone, apical cytoplasmic uptake of radioactivity was seen most strongly in the proximal part of the proximal tubules, whereas, after [3H]estradiol, weak nuclear concentration was seen in cells throughout the proximal tubules. The results are consistent with the concept that synthesis of 1,25-(OH)2-vitamin D3 occurs in the proximal tubules under stimulation of parathyroid hormone or estradiol (or other hormones) and that the major site of action of 1,25-(OH)2-vitamin D3 is in the distal tubules.

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