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Cancer Res. 1983 Oct;43(10):5022-5.

Phase I trial of intravenous L-phenylalanine mustard plus the sensitizer misonidazole.


Misonidazole (MISO), a hypoxic cell radiosensitizer, has been shown in vivo to enhance tumor cell killing by melphalan (LPAM) with little or no enhancement of normal tissue injury. A Phase I trial was conducted using MISO p.o. 2 hr before i.v. LPAM. The highest doses used were the single maximum tolerated doses of MISO, 4 g/sq m, and LPAM, 0.6 mg/kg. Thirty-five patients were entered; 30 were evaluable for assessment of hematological toxicity, which was predicted to be the dose-limiting toxicity. The median age was 60 years (range, 28 to 72 years). Mild to moderate nausea and vomiting occurred in 80% of patients. Five developed serious hematological toxicity defined as nadir white blood cell count less than 1000/cu mm, platelets less than 20,000/cu mm or 4-week posttreatment white blood cell count less than 2000/cu mm, platelets less than 50,000/cu mm. Four of the toxicities occurred at the LPAM dose of 0.6 mg/kg but were independent of MISO dose. One patient died of infection. Two patients whose tumor demonstrated an objective response to therapy and 10 others with disease stabilization received additional courses. Four patients developed mild MISO neuropathy. Pharmacokinetic studies demonstrated that MISO did not appear to affect the pharmacokinetics of LPAM in plasma. Both LPAM and MISO can be given safely at their individual maximum tolerated dose. This combination will proceed to Phase II trials.

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