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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1983 Aug 23;759(1-2):92-8.

Polyamines stimulate the binding of hexokinase type II to mitochondria.

Abstract

Spermine and spermidine enhanced the binding of hexokinase isoenzyme type II to mitochondria, both of which were prepared from Ehrlich-Lettre hyperdiploid ascites tumor cells, at much lower concentrations than Mg2+. Chymotrypsin-treated hexokinase II could not bind to the mitochondrial membrane in the presence of either spermine or Mg2+, indicating that the effect of spermine is not a nonspecific action, since the treatment of chymotrypsin cleaves only the region essential for the binding without any significant effect of the catalytic activity. Both spermine and Mg2+ antagonized the glucose 6-phosphate-induced release of mitochondria-bound hexokinase, and promoted the binding of the solubilized hexokinase II even in the presence of glucose 6-phosphate. However, inhibition of the activity of soluble hexokinase by glucose 6-phosphate was not reversed by spermine and Mg2+. Hexokinase II rebound to mitochondria with spermine and Mg2+ produced glucose 6-phosphate using ATP generated inside the mitochondria, and no difference was observed between the spermine- and Mg2+-rebound systems. Significance of the binding of hexokinase to mitochondria, especially with polyamines, is discussed with reference to high glycolytic rate in tumor cells.

PMID:
6882795
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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