Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochim Biophys Acta. 1983 Aug 23;759(1-2):92-8.

Polyamines stimulate the binding of hexokinase type II to mitochondria.


Spermine and spermidine enhanced the binding of hexokinase isoenzyme type II to mitochondria, both of which were prepared from Ehrlich-Lettre hyperdiploid ascites tumor cells, at much lower concentrations than Mg2+. Chymotrypsin-treated hexokinase II could not bind to the mitochondrial membrane in the presence of either spermine or Mg2+, indicating that the effect of spermine is not a nonspecific action, since the treatment of chymotrypsin cleaves only the region essential for the binding without any significant effect of the catalytic activity. Both spermine and Mg2+ antagonized the glucose 6-phosphate-induced release of mitochondria-bound hexokinase, and promoted the binding of the solubilized hexokinase II even in the presence of glucose 6-phosphate. However, inhibition of the activity of soluble hexokinase by glucose 6-phosphate was not reversed by spermine and Mg2+. Hexokinase II rebound to mitochondria with spermine and Mg2+ produced glucose 6-phosphate using ATP generated inside the mitochondria, and no difference was observed between the spermine- and Mg2+-rebound systems. Significance of the binding of hexokinase to mitochondria, especially with polyamines, is discussed with reference to high glycolytic rate in tumor cells.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk