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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1983 Jan 14;110(1):161-8.

Dopamine-B-hydroxylase: suicide inhibition by the novel olefinic substrate, 1-phenyl-1-aminomethylethene.


Dopamine-B-hydroxylase [E.C.] plays a key role in the biosynthetic interconversion of neurotransmitters. It is now demonstrated for the first time that dopamine-B-hydroxylase also catalyzes the oxygenation of an olefinic substrate, 1-phenyl-1-aminomethylethene, producing 2,3-dihydroxy-2-phenylpropylamine after acid workup. This reaction gives the normal oxygenase stoichiometry of electrons to O2 to product of 2:1:1, and is kinetically comparable to other oxygenase activities of dopamine-B-hydroxylase, with a kcat value of 10 sec-1 and a KM of 8.3 mM. 1-Phenyl-1-aminomethylethene is also a time-dependent, first-order inactivator of dopamine-B-hydroxylase. The inactivation process exhibits the characteristics of mechanism-based, irreversible inactivation, giving a KI value of 13 mM and a kinac of 0.04 min-1. The central role of dopamine-B-hydroxylase in catecholamine metabolism suggests possible pharmacological uses for olefinic inhibitors of this enzyme.

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