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J Biol Chem. 1982 Oct 25;257(20):12056-9.

Membrane-associated carbonic anhydrase purified from bovine lung.


We found carbonic anhydrase activity associated with particulate fractions of homogenates of rat, rabbit, human, and bovine lungs. These membrane-associated carbonic anhydrases were remarkably stable in solutions containing sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). The bovine enzyme was dissolved with SDS and purified by affinity chromatography and gel filtration. The purified enzyme contains glucosamine, galactose, and sialic acid; it is at least 20% carbohydrate. The apparent molecular weight by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (52,000) may be higher than the actual molecular weight due to the presence of carbohydrate. The enzyme contains cystine, an amino acid that is absent in bovine erythrocyte carbonic anhydrase. Dithiothreitol greatly accelerated the rate of inactivation of the membrane-associated enzyme in SDS, so disulfide bonds appear to stabilize this enzyme. The specific CO2-hydrating activity was about half that of the erythrocyte enzyme. Acetazolamide inhibits the membrane-associated enzyme (Ki = 10 nM) nearly as well as the erythrocyte enzyme (Ki = 3 nM). Antibody to bovine erythrocyte carbonic anhydrase did not inhibit the membrane-associated enzyme. Other investigators have accumulated a good deal of evidence for carbonic anhydrase on the luminal surface of pulmonary capillaries. The enzyme described here appears to be a new isozyme whose properties are consistent with such a localization.

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