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Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 1982 Jun;26(3):163-70.

Cerebral blood flow and oxygen uptake in endotoxic shock. An experimental study in dogs.


Cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral oxygen uptake (CMRO2) and central haemodynamics in anaesthetized dogs with controlled ventilation were studied at intervals for 2 h following an intravenous injection of E. coli endotoxin, 1.0-1.5 mg/kg. CBF showed a 30% decrease within 15 min after the endotoxin administration, while the arterial blood pressure was still not markedly depressed. Autoregulation to arterial blood pressure changes was maintained during endotoxinaemia and the cerebrovascular reaction to changes in arterial carbon dioxide tension (PaCO2) depressed. Normocapnic animals (PaCO2) greater than or equal to 4.0 kPa) showed an increase in CMRO2 of over 40%, that was obvious 1 h after the administration of endotoxin. The intracranial pressure was decreased with 5 min of the administration of endotoxin irrespective of the prevailing arterial blood pressure. Thereafter, it was raised above the control level. Two hours after endotoxin increased protein concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid were seen, results compatible with blood-brain barrier damage and penetration of other substances; e.g. monoamines released during endotoxinaemia could thus be expected to have a direct influence on both cerebral blood flow and metabolism.

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