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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1981 Apr;78(4):2517-21.

Culture supernatants of a stimulated T-cell line have helper activity that acts synergistically with interleukin 2 in the response of B cells to antigen.


Culture supernatants of an antigen-stimulated long-term alloreactive T cell line, C.C3.11.75, contain a T-cell-replacing factor (TRF) activity for the B-cell response to antigen. These same supernatants show little activity in the T-cell growth assay or the costimulator assay. TRF activity was assayed by using spleen cells that were rigorously depleted of both T cells and macrophages. In this assay preparations containing interleukin 2 and supernatants from stimulated C.C3.11.75 cells are relatively inactive if added alone but show marked synergy when added together. We conclude that the C.C3.11.75 TRF activity is not due to interleukin 1 or to interleukin 2 but to a third factor provisionally designated as (DL)TRF. This activity may be equivalent to the (late-acting) TRF described by Schimpl and Wecker. Evidence is presented suggesting that the helper activity (DL)TRF is a product of the T-cell line.

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