Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Clin Nutr. 1981 Mar;34(3):393-9.

Death resulting from overzealous total parenteral nutrition: the refeeding syndrome revisited.

Abstract

Although cachectic patients are relatively well adapted to their calorically deprived state, they are prone to acute metabolic imbalances when infused with hypertonic solutions of dextrose and amino acids. Of particular concern is hypophosphatemia and its associated disorders of cardiac, pulmonary, hematological, and neuromuscular functions. This report describes two chronically malnourished but stable patients who were given aggressive total parenteral nutrition support, which was rapidly followed by acute cardiopulmonary decompensation associated with severe hypophosphatemia and other metabolic abnormalities. Despite attempts at correction, progressive multiple systems failure led to death. In light of the high prevalence of hospital malnutrition and the ready availability of total parenteral nutrition, attention is brought to these examples of how overzealous nutrition repletion can paradoxically precipitate deterioration in clinical status.

PMID:
6782855
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk