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Am J Physiol. 1980 Nov;239(5):C175-81.

Rectifying properties of the membrane of single freshly isolated smooth muscle cells.


Single smooth muscle cells freshly isolated from the stomach muscularis of the toad Bufo marinus were studied under direct microscopic observation using intracellular microelectrodes. The deviation of the membrane potential from rest was recorded when steps of current were injected into the cell. Outward-going rectification was consistently observed both in the presence of 1.8 mM and higher external concentrations of Ca2+. There was no indication of inward-going rectification even under conditions favoring its demonstration, i.e., when the external concentration of K+ was high (108 mM) and Cl-, low (39.6 mM). In the presence of tetraethylammonium chloride (TEA), there was a marked decrease in the rectification normally observed with depolarizing currents, suggesting that a K+ conductance contributes to the outward-going rectification. This K+ conductance increased by almost two orders of magnitude over the range from -20 to 0 mV, and displayed an e-fold increase with a depolarization as small as 4-7 mV. In response to hyperpolarizing currents, the membrane potential did not always reach a plateau but at times continued to become more negative. The feasibility of the depletion of ions from the caveolae as an explanation for this observation is discussed.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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