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Endocrinology. 1980 Dec;107(6):1791-7.

Evidence for a thyrotropin-releasing hormone inhibitor in the pineal gland.


Extracts of bovine pineal glands were filtered through Sephadex G-25 and tested for their effect on TRH-induced TSH release in cell cultures of dispersed rat pituitary glands. Highly significant anti-TRH activity was found in material which was retarded on G-25. This material was purified sequentially on Sephadex G-10, Sephadex LH-20, and high pressure reverse phase liquid chromatography columns. The ability of partially purified material to inhibit TRH-induced TSH release by dispersed pituitary cells and to displace [3H]TRH from pituitary tumor cell membranes was interpreted as evidence for a TRH inhibitory factor (TRH-IF) in bovine pineal glands. Evidence for binding to TRH receptors included parallel competition displacement curves with synthetic TRH and data showing that excess TRH could overcome both the inhibition of TRH-induced TSH release and the inhibition of [3H]TRH binding by TRH-IF. Copurification of anti-TRH bioactivity (as tested in dispersed pituitary cell cultures) and anti-TRH-binding activity (as tested in membrane preparations) suggests that the inhibitory activity in pineal extracts results from the binding of a TRH antagonist to receptors. Reports by others of PRL release-inhibiting activity in pineal extracts were confirmed. PRL release-inhibiting activity copurified with TRH-IF.

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