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Nucleic Acids Res. 1982 Dec 20;10(24):8341-9.

Procedure for C2 deuteration of nucleic acids and determination of A psi 31 pseudouridine conformation by nuclear Overhauser effect in yeast tRNAPhe.


Nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) combined with semispecific deuteration provides a general strategy for identification of exchangeable protons in nucleic base pairs, and has been extended to NOEs involving purine C2 protons in tRNA. Deuterated tri-ethyl orthoformate was condensed with 5(4)-amino imidazole 4(5)-carboxamide to yield C2 deuterated hypoxanthine. C2 deuterated hypoxanthine was fed to a purine requiring mutant of yeast and C2 deuterated yeast tRNAPhe was isolated. This C2 deuterated tRNAPhe was used to identify A psi 31 and U8-A14. A psi 31 was found to be bonded through N1H. The utility of C2 deuteration in nucleic acid NMR is thus demonstrated.

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