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Contraception. 1984 Apr;29(4):385-97.

Flowers of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, a potential source of contragestative agent: I. effect of benzene extract on implantation of mouse.


In mouse, the benzene extract of Hibiscus rosa-senensis flowers was administered at four different dose levels (250-1000 mg/kg body weight/day) from day 1-4 postcoitus. Anti-implantation response and associated changes in the uterine chemical composition were studied. With an increase in the dosage of the extract, the percentage of implantation failure increased. At the dose level of 1 gm/kg body weight, the extract led to failure of implantation in 93% of the mice. The effect was accompanied by adversely altered uterine weight, its protein content and alkaline and acid phosphatase activity. In another experiment, influence of the extract on uterine uptake of progesterone was studied in bilaterally ovariectomized mice treated with or without estrogen. It exerted neither inhibitory nor stimulatory influence on uterine progesterone uptake in untreated castrated mice but the estrogen-induced increase in the uptake level was significantly inhibited by the extract. Failure of uterine bed preparation due to antiestrogenic potentiality of the extract has been discussed as the plausible cause of implantation failure.

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