Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur J Biochem. 1984 Apr 16;140(2):229-34.

Predominance of glycolysis in pericentral regions of the liver lobule.

Abstract

Infusion of 2 mM ethanol into perfused liver from fed rats increased the rate of oxygen uptake concomitant with the decrease in the rate of glycolysis (lactate + pyruvate production). A linear correlation (r = 0.92) was observed between the increase in the rate of oxygen uptake and the decrease in the rate of lactate + pyruvate production determined on the whole organ by the difference between influent minus effluent concentration. Miniature oxygen electrodes (tip diameter, 50 micron) were then placed on periportal or pericentral regions of the lobule on the liver surface, and local rates of oxygen uptake were determined by stopping the flow of perfusate and monitoring the rate of decrease of oxygen concentration ('stopped-flow oxygen uptake technique'). During perfusion in the anterograde direction, ethanol infusion (2 mM) increased rates of oxygen uptake about twofold more in pericentral (15 mumol X g-1 X h-1) than in periportal (7 mumol X g-1 X h-1) regions of the liver lobule in livers from well-fed rats. In contrast, ethanol did not affect the rate of oxygen uptake significantly in either region of the liver lobule in livers from fasted rats. Glucose (30 mM) decreased oxygen concentrations initially in both regions of the liver lobule when infused into livers from fasted rats perfused in the anterograde direction. Subsequently, glucose increased the oxygen concentration in pericentral but not periportal regions of the liver lobule. This increase in regional oxygen concentration correlated temporally (r = 0.99) with increases in rates of glycolysis. The addition of ethanol in the presence of glucose reduced the rate of lactate + pyruvate production and increased the rate of oxygen uptake predominantly in pericentral regions. These data are consistent with the following interpretation. Ethanol metabolism elevates NADH in both periportal and pericentral regions of the liver lobule causing redox inhibition of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and decreased rates of glycolytic ATP synthesis. The ADP not phosphorylated in the cytosol then moves into the mitochondrion and stimulates oxygen uptake. Since ethanol and glucose elevated oxygen uptake to a greater extent in pericentral regions of the liver lobule, it is concluded that glycolysis predominates in hepatocytes located proximal to the central vein during perfusion in the anterograde direction. When similar experiments were performed with perfusion in the retrograde direction, glycolysis was localized in periportal regions of the liver lobule.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

PMID:
6714231
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Blackwell Publishing
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk