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Biochem Pharmacol. 1984 Apr 1;33(7):979-82.

A mechanistic study of the metabolism of 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (DDD) to 2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)acetic acid (DDA).


The metabolism of [1-2H]-1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (DDD-d) and [1-2H]-1-chloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethene (DDMU-d) and their corresponding non-deuterated isomers DDD and DDMU was studied in female Swiss mice over a 96-hr period. The only detected urinary metabolite of DDD-d and DDD was 2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)acetic acid (DDA). Animals administered DDD excreted approximately 2.4-fold more DDA than those treated with DDD-d over the total collection period. The initial (0-36 hr) linear excretion rates of DDA for DDD and DDD-d were 17.1 and 5.5 micrograms/hr respectively. DDMU- and DDMU-d-treated mice excreted significant quantities of DDA, 2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethanol (DDOH) and 2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethanol (DDCHO). The only quantitative difference between DDMU and DDMU-d was that the non-deuterated isomer afforded approximately 1.8 times more DDA over the 96-hr collection. The initial (0-36 hr) linear excretion rates of DDMU and DDMU-d were 10.7 and 6.2 micrograms/hr respectively. The qualitative and quantitative results are consistent with DDD being metabolized to DDA via enzyme-mediated hydroxylation on the C-1 side chain carbon.

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