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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1984 Mar 1;797(3):328-35.

Purification of three gamma-chains with different molecular weights from normal human plasma fibrinogen.


Three forms of the normal human plasma fibrinogen gamma-chain which differ in molecular weight have been purified. Plasma fibrinogen was separated by ion exchange chromatography on DEAE-Sephacel into three populations of molecules, each with a unique gamma-chain composition. Following reduction and S-carboxymethylation, the fibrinogen polypeptide chains in each chromatographic peak were separated by ion exchange chromatography on DEAE-Sephacel and identified following sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The A alpha, B beta and smallest gamma-chain (gamma 50) eluted at progressively higher ionic strengths, but the elution positions of A alpha, B beta and gamma 50 chains were identical for fibrinogen from each of the three different chromatographic fractions. The unique gamma chain of fibrinogen in the second chromatographic peak (gamma 55) eluted at an ionic strength higher than that of the gamma 50 chain, while the largest gamma-chain (gamma 57.5), which was contained only in the third chromatographic peak of fibrinogen, eluted at the highest ionic strength. The higher ionic strengths needed to elute fibrinogen in the second and third peaks was paralleled by the higher ionic strengths needed to elute the gamma-chains unique to them, suggesting that the gamma-chain composition of the three fibrinogen fractions accounted for their differential binding to the ion exchange resin. Following desialation with neuraminidase, the differences in electrophoretic mobilities between the three gamma-chain forms was maintained, indicating that differential migration on SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was not due to variation in sialic acid content.

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