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Anesthesiology. 1983 Nov;59(5):402-11.

The effect of halothane anesthesia on myocardial necrosis, hemodynamic performance, and regional myocardial blood flow in dogs following coronary artery occlusion.


The effect of halothane anesthesia on myocardial necrosis resulting from coronary artery ligation was examined in 28 anesthetized mongrel dogs. In 18 dogs, the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was ligated immediately proximal to the first apical diagonal branch, and 1 h later the dogs were assigned randomly either to receive halothane, 0.5-1.0% inspired in room air for 12 h (n = 10) or to awaken without further intervention (control, n = 8). Infarct size was measured by staining the myocardium with triphenyl tetrazolium chloride 24 h after LAD ligation. Infarct size in halothane-treated dogs was 17.8 +/- 2.0% of the left ventricle, compared with 27.3 +/- 3.3% in control dogs (P less than 0.05). Myocardial salvage was present transmurally but was greatest in epicardial regions. In 10 additional dogs, hemodynamic variables (heart rate, arterial pressure, left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, peak left ventricular dP/dt, tension-time index, and rate-pressure product) were measured or calculated, and radionuclide-labeled microspheres were injected for measurement of cardiac output and regional myocardial blood flow (RMBF). Thirty minutes after LAD ligation and after initial hemodynamic measurements and microsphere injection, these dogs were assigned randomly to receive either halothane, 1.0%, inspired in room air (n = 5) or no intervention (control, n = 5). After 15 min of halothane inhalation (45 min after LAD ligation in control dogs), measurements were repeated. Halothane inhalation reduced heart rate, arterial pressure, and indexes of left ventricular contractile and pump performance. During halothane treatment, RMBF declined in normal myocardium but not in ischemic regions, while neither normal nor ischemic zone RMBF changed in control dogs. Systemic vascular resistance was unchanged in either group. Thus, halothane was associated with a 35% smaller myocardial infarct, transmural myocardial salvage, reduced heart rate, reduced left ventricular contractile and pump performance, reduced RMBF to nonischemic regions, and unchanged RMBF in the ischemic myocardium.

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