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Brain Res. 1983 Aug 1;272(1):137-44.

Retinotopic organization of striate and extrastriate visual cortex in the hooded rat.

Abstract

The visuotopic organization of the primary visual cortex (area 17) and the extrastriate visual regions surrounding it (areas 18a and 18) has been studied in gray rats using standard microelectrode mapping techniques. The results confirm and extend previous observations in the rat. Apart from the representation of the contralateral visual field (VF) in area 17, in which the upper VF is represented caudally and the nasal VF laterally, there are additional representations of the VF in the extrastriate cortex. In lateral extrastriate cortex (area 18a) there are at least 4 such representations, namely lateromedial (LM), anterolateral (AL), laterointermediate (LI) and laterolateral (LL). In LM (second visual area) the upper VF is represented caudally and the nasal VF medially, being thus a mirror image of V1. In AL (third visual area) the upper VF is represented rostrally and the nasal VF, medially, being thus a mirror image of LM. In LI, the upper VF is medial and the nasal VF, lateral, being thus a mirror image of LM, or a reduced copy of V1. In medial extrastriate cortex (area 18) there are two representations of the temporal VF, labeled anteromedial (AM) and posteromedial (PM). In AM, the upper temporal VF is medial and the lower temporal VF, lateral, the extreme temporal field being rostral. The 30 degrees azimuth provides the boundary between AM and PM. Thus, AM is organized as a counter-clockwise rotation by 90 degrees of the V1 representation. In PM, the upper lower VF topography is like in AM, but the extreme temporal VF is caudal, being thus a mirror image of AM.

PMID:
6616189
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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