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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1983 Sep 21;734(1):33-9.

Effects of negatively charged lipids on phagocytosis of liposomes opsonized by complement.

Abstract

Ingestion of liposomes opsonized by specific antibody plus complement was investigated in vitro. Although the antibodies alone (IgM) did not have an opsonizing effect, in the presence of such antibodies uptake and ingestion of liposomes by mouse peritoneal macrophages was enhanced 5- to 10-fold by addition of complement. Phagocytosis of complement-opsonized liposomes was strongly dependent on the charge of the liposomal lipids. The presence of a negatively charged (i.e., acidic) lipid profoundly suppressed the uptake of the liposomes. Each of three acidic liposomal lipids, phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylinositol and dicetyl phosphate, suppressed liposome uptake. We conclude that opsonization of liposomes with complement greatly stimulates ingestion of liposomes by murine macrophages. However, most of the opsonic enhancement conferred by complement can be prevented by the presence of negatively charged membrane lipids.

PMID:
6615828
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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