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Pol J Pharmacol Pharm. 1984 Mar-Jun;36(2-3):221-30.

Prolonged treatment with the specific 5-HT-uptake inhibitor citalopram: effect on dopaminergic and serotonergic functions.


The effect of prolonged administration of the clinically effective and specific serotonin (5-HT)-uptake-inhibitor, citalopram, has been studied in rats on behavioural measures of dopaminergic (DA) and serotonergic activity and on DA D-2, 5-HT2, alpha 1- and beta-adrenergic receptor number and affinity in vitro. Thirteen days treatment with citalopram in the diet (40 mg/kg/day) did not change receptor binding for either of the ligands studied, although citalopram was detected in high concentrations in brain and plasma and induced a 75% depletion of 5-HT in whole blood. This citalopram dose-regimen was followed by a potentiated hypermotility response to d-amphetamine. Also DA-dependent hypermotility induced by methylphenidate and (+)-3-PPP was increased. In contrast, the 5-HT2-receptor mediated head shake syndrome induced by 1-5-HTP or quipazine was decreased after prolonged citalopram treatment. Two weeks oral bolus treatment (10 mg/kg once or twice daily) with the 5-HT-uptake-inhibitors citalopram, fluoxetine, zimelidine, cyanimipramine or paroxetine induced d-amphetamine potentiation, whereas amitriptyline, nortriptyline, imipramine, iprindole, and mianserin treatment showed no effect. It is suggested that d-amphetamine potentiation induced by citalopram is mainly dependent on DA mechanisms, and that this profile is characteristic for preferential 5-HT-uptake-inhibitors. The lack of correlation between behavioural effect and receptor changes was important. Since citalopram has been shown to have clinical antidepressant activity, it is concluded that down-regulation of beta-adrenoceptors is not a prerequisite for antidepressant action.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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