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J Biol Chem. 1983 Oct 10;258(19):11460-4.

Human placental estradiol 17 beta-dehydrogenase. Identification of a single histidine residue affinity-labeled by both 3-bromoacetoxyestrone and 12 beta-bromoacetoxy-4-estrene-3,17-dione.


Human placental estradiol 17 beta-dehydrogenase (EC was affinity-labeled at pH 6.3 by 3-bromo[2'-14C]acetoxyestrone and 12 beta-bromo-[2'-14C] acetoxy-4-estrene-3,17-dione (both are substrates) in separate incubations. The affinity-alkylated enzyme samples were then treated separately as described below. Amino acid compositions of both samples revealed radioactive 3-carboxymethylhistidine. Tryptic digests of each sample were prepared, applied to Sephadex G-50, and 3-carboxymethylhistidine-bearing fractions identified. These peptides were further purified by cation exchange chromatography, gel filtration, and paper electrophoresis. The purified, 3-carboxymethylhistidine-bearing peptides labeled by the two steroids had identical electrophoretic mobilities at pH 6.5, 3.5, and 1.9. The amino acid sequence of the radioactive peptide alkylated by 3-bromo[2'-14C]acetoxyesterone was determined as: Leu-Ala-3-[14C]CmHis-Ser-Lys. The smaller quantity of peptide obtained from the inactivation with 12 beta-bromo[2'-14C]acetoxy-4-estrene-3,17-dione precluded the determination of its complete sequence. However, the first 3 residues were found to be Leu-Ala-3-[14C]CmHis and the amino acid composition showed that serine and lysine were also present. It is concluded that the steroid-binding site of human placental estradiol 17 beta-dehydrogenase contains a histidine residue which proximates the upper A-ring region of the steroid as it undergoes the reversible binding step.

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