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J Natl Cancer Inst. 1983 Jun;70(6):1015-9.

Cancer mortality (1965-77) in relation to diesel fume and coal exposure in a cohort of retired railway workers.

Abstract

A cohort study of 43,826 male pensioners of the Canadian National Railway Company was conducted. The cause of death of 17,838 pensioners who died between 1965 and 1977 was ascertained by computerized record linkage to the Canadian national mortality data base. The main finding was an elevated risk of lung cancer for those employed in occupations involving exposure to diesel fumes and coal dust, with highly significant dose-response relationships observed. That such association may be due in part to smoking cannot be excluded; but in view of the widespread exposure to diesel fumes, the finding warrants further investigation. The present study also demonstrated the utility and feasibility of large-scale occupational cohort studies conducted with the use of computerized record linkage to national mortality records.

PMID:
6574269
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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